Long-term effects of perinatal malnutrition on the structure and function of the digestive system in adulthood

  • Velleda Anjos
Keywords: Malnutrition, protein deficiency, Hormonal changes, chronic stress


Malnutrition induces a variety of metabolic disturbances in man and other mammals, some of which may be
mediated by endocrine gland dysfunction. Hormonal changes may play a major role in adaptation to acute or chronic
stress due to protein deficiency.