Effects of Food Additives on Intestinal Microorganisms of Swimmers and Training Effects
The fermentation energy system is the glycogen fermentation and supply of energy under anaerobic conditions, and also produces lactic acid, so it is also called lactic acid anaerobic energy supply system. The energy supply capacity of the enzymatic system depends on the glycogen content in muscle tissue and the activity of anaerobic enzymes. Intestinal microorganisms participate in the regulation of multiple metabolic pathways of the host, which have important effects on the body's various physiological functions, and play a central role in the development of many chronic inflammatory diseases. Nutrients in the diet can affect the structure of intestinal microorganism communities Provides substrates for microbial metabolism. Athletes' competitive ability is determined by both innate and acquired factors. Training load is the core issue of sports training, and reasonable training intensity and training volume arrangement are the center of training. Knowledge of the energy supply distribution of the aerobic and anaerobic energy supply systems during competition is the basis for arranging training loads and developing training plans. This article reviews the effects of food additives on the gut microbiome of swimmers, and explores the training effects of swimmers by combining different training techniques.